Bathroom lighting generally falls into 3 main categories: task lighting, ambient lighting, and accent lighting. Having a solid understanding of the functions of each can help aide you in the process selecting the lighting for your bathroom.
Task lighting is probably the most important of all three as it mostly focuses on aiding the visitor in his tasks, thus task lighting. Daily functions such as shaving or applying non comedogenic makeup need proper lighting in order to be done efficiently. Lighting around the mirror needs to cast an even light on the face to avoid shadows which can make grooming difficult. The most basic layout is having light above the mirror and two scones on each side to reduce any possible shadows.
Ambient lighting may be needed if task lighting is unable to light up the whole bathroom. As bathrooms in the United States can be quite large, most will need ambient lighting. There are many bathroom light fixtures that can provide this type of bathroom lighting such as recessed lights, hanging light, and wall washers to name a few. Ambient lighting will largely depend on the size of your bathroom, so be sure to make the decision accordingly. When in doubt, keep in mind that too bright is usually better than too dark.
Accent lighting is the least practical of the three and is used to showcase certain parts of the bathroom such as an art piece. However, when done correctly, accent lighting can be quite influential on the overall design of your bathroom. As lighting is often the first thing that visitors notice, it can be a worthwhile investment to ensure you leave a good impression.
After planning the types of lighting functions needed in your bathroom, the next step will be to choose the style for your bathroom lighting. Following through on these two steps will ensure you create both a practical and stylish bathroom. If you want more customization, changing the switch plate covers can be a great place to start.